Hebrew Cantillation Marks And Their Encoding

by Helmut Richter


Table of Contents

Legend for Tables


IV. Code Tables


Table of distinctive cantillation symbols, 21 books

SCAbbr.PositionShapeName
00 SoP0 ce Sof Pasuq
08 Atn0 c Atnach; Etnachta
10 Sgl1 e Segol; Sgol; Segolta
12 Sha1 ce Shalshelet
14 ZqQ1 c Zaqef Qatan
16 ZqG1 c Zaqef Gadol
18 Tip1 c Tipcha
20 Rvi2 c Revia
30 Zar2 e Zarqa
34 Psh2 (c)d Pashta
36 Ytv2 a Yetiv
38 Tvr2 c Tvir
44 Paz3 c Pazer (Qatan)
46 QaP3 c Qarney Para (Fara); Pazer Gadol
48 TlG3 a(c) Tlisha Gdola
50 Ger3 c Geresh
52 Grm3 c Gershayim
58 Lgm3 ce (Munnach) Legarmeh

Table of conjunctive cantillation symbols, 21 books

SCAbbr.PositionShapeName
5E Pq e Paseq
60 Mun c Munnach
66 Glg c Galgal; Yareach Ben Yomo -
68 Mer c Merkha
6C TlQ (c)e Tlisha Qtana
6E May b Meayla
70 Qad c Qadma
74 Mhp c Mahpakh
78 MeK c Merkha Khfula
7A Dar c Darga
7C Mf e Maqqef
7E Mg b Meteg

Table of distinctive cantillation symbols, 3 books

SCAbbr.PositionShapeName
80 SoP0 ce Sof Pasuq
84 OYr1 (b)c Ole We Yored
86 AzL1 ce Azla Legarmeh
88 Atn1 c Atnach; Etnachta
8A Paz1 c Pazer
8C Rvi1 c Revia
94 RvM1 ac Revia Mugrash
98 ShG1 ce Shalshelet Gdola
9C MpL1 ce Mahpakh Legarmeh
A0 RvG2 c Revia Gadol
A4 RvQ2 c Revia Qatan
A8 Dhi2 a Dechi
AA MpL2 ce Mahpakh Legarmeh
B0 Tsi2 e Tsinnor
C4 Paz3 c Pazer
D0 AzL3 ce Azla Legarmeh
D2 MpL3 ce Mahpakh Legarmeh

Table of conjunctive cantillation symbols, 3 books

SCAbbr.PositionShapeName
DE Pq e Paseq
E0 Mun c Munnach
E4 AtH c Atnach Hafukh
E6 Glg c Galgal
E8 Mer c Merkha
EA MrM bc Merkha Metsunneret
EC ShQ c Shalshelet Qtana
EE Tar c Tarcha
F0 Qad c Qadma
F2 Ill c Illuy
F4 Mhp c Mahpakh
F6 MpM bc Mahpakh Metsunnar
FC Mf e Maqqef
FE Mg b Meteg

Table of cantillation marks with Unicode and Michigan-Claremont code points, sorted by symbols

Warning: The Unicode standard is not unambiguous as to the distinction between Zarqa=Tsinnor and Tsinnorit. Pending later clarification, it is assumed in the tables that the Unicode character ZARQA is not Zarqa but Tsinnorit. Details see here.

SCAbbr.PositionShapeNameMCUnicodeUnicode name
00 SoP0c c-b Silluq 75 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
01 SoP0e e-f Sof Pasuq 00 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
08 Atn0 c-b Atnach 92 0591 HEBREW ACCENT ETNAHTA
10 Sgl1 e-al Segol 01 0592 HEBREW ACCENT SEGOL
12 Sha1c c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
13 Sha1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
14 ZqQ1 c-a Zaqef Qatan 80 0594 HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF QATAN
16 ZqG1 c-a Zaqef Gadol 85 0595 HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF GADOL
18 Tip1 c-b Tipcha 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
20 Rvi2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
30 Zar2 e-al Zarqa 02 05AE HEBREW ACCENT ZINOR
34 Psh2d d-al Pashta 03 0599 HEBREW ACCENT PASHTA
35 Psh2c c-a Pashta 33 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
36 Ytv2 a-br Yetiv 10 059A HEBREW ACCENT YETIV
38 Tvr2 c-b Tvir 91 059B HEBREW ACCENT TEVIR
44 Paz3 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
46 QaP3 c-a Qarney Para 84 059F HEBREW ACCENT QARNEY PARA
48 TlG3a a-ar Tlisha Gdola 14 05A0 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA GEDOLA
49 TlG3c c-a Tlisha Gdola 44 05A0 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA GEDOLA
50 Ger3 c-a Geresh 61 059C HEBREW ACCENT GERESH
52 Grm3 c-a Gershayim 62 059E HEBREW ACCENT GERSHAYIM
58 Lgm3c c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
59 Lgm3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
5E Pq e-f Paseq 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
60 Mun c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
66 Glg c-b Galgal 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
68 Mer c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
6C TlQe e-al Tlisha Qtana 04 05A9 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA QETANA
6D TlQc c-a Tlisha Qtana 24 05A9 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA QETANA
6E May b-b Meayla 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
70 Qad c-a Qadma 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
74 Mhp c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
78 MeK c-b Merkha Khfula 72 05A6 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA KEFULA
7A Dar c-b Darga 94 05A7 HEBREW ACCENT DARGA
7C Mf e-f Maqqef - 05BE HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
7E Mg b-b Meteg 95 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
80 SoP0c c-b Silluq 75 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
81 SoP0e e-f Sof Pasuq 00 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
84 OYr1c c-b Yored 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
85 OYr1b b-a Ole 60 05AB HEBREW ACCENT OLE
86 AzL1c c-a Azla 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
87 AzL1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
88 Atn1 c-b Atnach 92 0591 HEBREW ACCENT ETNAHTA
8A Paz1 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
8C Rvi1 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
94 RvM1c c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
95 RvM1a a-ar Geresh Muqdam 11 059D HEBREW ACCENT GERESH MUQDAM
98 ShG1c c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
99 ShG1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
9C MpL1c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
9D MpL1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
A0 RvG2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
A4 RvQ2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
A8 Dhi2 a-br Dechi 13 05AD HEBREW ACCENT DEHI
AA MpL2c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
AB MpL2e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
B0 Tsi2 e-al Tsinnor 02 05AE HEBREW ACCENT ZINOR
C4 Paz3 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
D0 AzL3c c-a Azla 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
D1 AzL3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
D2 MpL3c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
D3 MpL3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
DE Pq e-f Paseq 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
E0 Mun c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
E4 AtH c-b Atnach Hafukh 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
E6 Glg c-b Galgal 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
E8 Mer c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
EA MrMc c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
EB MrMb b-a Tsinnorit 82 0598 HEBREW ACCENT ZARQA
EC ShQ c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
EE Tar c-b Tarcha 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
F0 Qad c-a Qadma 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
F2 Ill c-a Illuy 64 05AC HEBREW ACCENT ILUY
F4 Mhp c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
F6 MpMc c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
F7 MpMb b-a Tsinnorit 82 0598 HEBREW ACCENT ZARQA
FC Mf e-f Maqqef - 05BE HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
FE Mg b-b Meteg 95 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG


Table of cantillation marks with Unicode and Michigan-Claremont code points, sorted by marks (Unicode)

Warning: The Unicode standard is not unambiguous as to the distinction between Zarqa=Tsinnor and Tsinnorit. Pending later clarification, it is assumed in the tables that the Unicode character ZARQA is not Zarqa but Tsinnorit. Details see here.

SCAbbr.PositionShapeNameMCUnicodeUnicode name
08 Atn0 c-b Atnach 92 0591 HEBREW ACCENT ETNAHTA
88 Atn1 c-b Atnach 92 0591 HEBREW ACCENT ETNAHTA
10 Sgl1 e-al Segol 01 0592 HEBREW ACCENT SEGOL
12 Sha1c c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
98 ShG1c c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
EC ShQ c-a Shalshelet 65 0593 HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
14 ZqQ1 c-a Zaqef Qatan 80 0594 HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF QATAN
16 ZqG1 c-a Zaqef Gadol 85 0595 HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF GADOL
18 Tip1 c-b Tipcha 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
6E May b-b Meayla 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
EE Tar c-b Tarcha 73 0596 HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
20 Rvi2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
8C Rvi1 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
94 RvM1c c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
A0 RvG2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
A4 RvQ2 c-a Revia 81 0597 HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
EB MrMb b-a Tsinnorit 82 0598 HEBREW ACCENT ZARQA
F7 MpMb b-a Tsinnorit 82 0598 HEBREW ACCENT ZARQA
34 Psh2d d-al Pashta 03 0599 HEBREW ACCENT PASHTA
36 Ytv2 a-br Yetiv 10 059A HEBREW ACCENT YETIV
38 Tvr2 c-b Tvir 91 059B HEBREW ACCENT TEVIR
50 Ger3 c-a Geresh 61 059C HEBREW ACCENT GERESH
95 RvM1a a-ar Geresh Muqdam 11 059D HEBREW ACCENT GERESH MUQDAM
52 Grm3 c-a Gershayim 62 059E HEBREW ACCENT GERSHAYIM
46 QaP3 c-a Qarney Para 84 059F HEBREW ACCENT QARNEY PARA
48 TlG3a a-ar Tlisha Gdola 14 05A0 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA GEDOLA
49 TlG3c c-a Tlisha Gdola 44 05A0 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA GEDOLA
44 Paz3 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
8A Paz1 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
C4 Paz3 c-a Pazer 83 05A1 HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
58 Lgm3c c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
60 Mun c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
E0 Mun c-b Munnach 74 05A3 HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
74 Mhp c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
9C MpL1c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
AA MpL2c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
D2 MpL3c c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
F4 Mhp c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
F6 MpMc c-b Mahpakh 70 05A4 HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
68 Mer c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
E8 Mer c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
EA MrMc c-b Merkha 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
84 OYr1c c-b Yored 71 05A5 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
78 MeK c-b Merkha Khfula 72 05A6 HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA KEFULA
7A Dar c-b Darga 94 05A7 HEBREW ACCENT DARGA
35 Psh2c c-a Pashta 33 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
70 Qad c-a Qadma 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
F0 Qad c-a Qadma 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
86 AzL1c c-a Azla 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
D0 AzL3c c-a Azla 63 05A8 HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
6C TlQe e-al Tlisha Qtana 04 05A9 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA QETANA
6D TlQc c-a Tlisha Qtana 24 05A9 HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA QETANA
66 Glg c-b Galgal 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
E6 Glg c-b Galgal 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
E4 AtH c-b Atnach Hafukh 93 05AA HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
85 OYr1b b-a Ole 60 05AB HEBREW ACCENT OLE
F2 Ill c-a Illuy 64 05AC HEBREW ACCENT ILUY
A8 Dhi2 a-br Dechi 13 05AD HEBREW ACCENT DEHI
30 Zar2 e-al Zarqa 02 05AE HEBREW ACCENT ZINOR
B0 Tsi2 e-al Tsinnor 02 05AE HEBREW ACCENT ZINOR
00 SoP0c c-b Silluq 75 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
80 SoP0c c-b Silluq 75 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
7E Mg b-b Meteg 95 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
FE Mg b-b Meteg 95 05BD HEBREW POINT METEG
7C Mf e-f Maqqef - 05BE HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
FC Mf e-f Maqqef - 05BE HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
13 Sha1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
59 Lgm3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
87 AzL1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
99 ShG1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
9D MpL1e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
AB MpL2e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
D1 AzL3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
D3 MpL3e e-f Legarmeh 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
5E Pq e-f Paseq 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
DE Pq e-f Paseq 05 05C0 HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
01 SoP0e e-f Sof Pasuq 00 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
81 SoP0e e-f Sof Pasuq 00 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ

Mapping from Michigan-Claremont code to Unicode

MCUnicodeName
- 05BE Maqqef
00 05C3 Sof Pasuq
01 0592 Segol
02 05AE Zarqa; Tsinnor
03 0599 Pashta
04 05A9 Tlisha Qtana
05 05C0 Legarmeh; Paseq
10 059A Yetiv
11 059D Geresh Muqdam
13 05AD Dechi
14 05A0 Tlisha Gdola
24 05A9 Tlisha Qtana
33 05A8 Pashta
MCUnicodeName
35 05BD Meteg (between)
44 05A0 Tlisha Gdola
60 05AB Ole
61 059C Geresh
62 059E Gershayim
63 05A8 Qadma; Azla
64 05AC Illuy
65 0593 Shalshelet
70 05A4 Mahpakh
71 05A5 Merkha; Yored
72 05A6 Merkha Khfula
73 0596 Tipcha; Meayla; Tarcha
74 05A3 Munnach
MCUnicodeName
75 05BD Meteg, Silluq (standard=left)
80 0594 Zaqef Qatan
81 0597 Revia
82 0598 Tsinnorit
83 05A1 Pazer
84 059F Qarney Para
85 0595 Zaqef Gadol
91 059B Tvir
92 0591 Atnach
93 05AA Galgal; Atnach Hafukh
94 05A7 Darga
95 05BD Meteg, Silluq (right)

The Michigan-Claremont code distinguishes between the positions of Meteg and Silluq: the standard position left of the vowel (95% of Meteg and 99.8% of Silluq occurrences) is coded with 75, the position right of the vowel with 95, and the position between the Schwa and the vowel of a Chataf (only 3 occurrences) with 35.


©HelmutRichter published1999-08-30; lastupdate2005-03-29