Pesach Haggadah according to Mishneh Torah

( ,; ,): One pours the first cup and says the blessings of Qiddush over it:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
, , , , ; , Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who sanctified us from among all peoples, exalted us above all tongues, chose us and made us great, desired us and glorified us. And You, LORD our God, lovingly give us
: On the Sabbath:
, Sabbaths for rest,
: Continued:
, festivals for happiness and holidays and seasons for rejoicing,
: On the Sabbath:
, this day of rest,
: Continued:
, , , , : , . this holiday, a holy convocation, this day of the Festival of Matzot, the season of our freedom, with love, a remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt: for You have chosen us and sanctified us from all peoples, and Your holy festivals You granted us with happiness and rejoicing.
: Not on the Sabbath:
, . Blessed are You LORD, Who sanctifies Israel and the seasons.
: On the Sabbath:
, . Blessed are You LORD, Who sanctifies the Sabbath, Israel, and the seasons.
, ( ,): At the exit from the Sabbath, one blesses over the candle and says havdalah:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates lights of fire.
, , , , . , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who distinguishes between holy and secular, and between light and darkness, and between Israel and the Gentiles, and between the seventh day and the six days of work. Blessed are You LORD, Who distinguishes between holy and holy.
: Continued:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who has given us life, and sustained us, and brought us to this season.
( ,- [-]); , ( , []). Reclining on the left side, one drinks the entire cup; if one drank most of a cup holding at least a revi`it (5 oz.), one fulfilled the obligation.
* * *
", ( ,-, ; ,). , ( , []); (), . ( ,; ,): In Rambam's methodology, there is no prohibition against causing extra blessings. One thus says a separate blessing on each cup of wine, before drinking. If one drank a revi`it (5 oz.) and resolved in his heart not to drink until the next obligatory cup, even though it is permitted to do so (apart from between the third and fourth cups), he also blesses after each and every cup. One who fulfills this condition says the following blessing:
, . , ; Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field, and for a delightful, good, and spacious land that You desired and bequeathed our ancestors. Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the abode of Your glory, and bring us up to it, and make us happy in its rebuilding; and make us happy LORD our God,
: On the Sabbath:
, on this seventh day of rest,
: Continued:
, , . , . on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, and we will bless You for it in holiness and purity. Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for its fruits.
* * *
, " " ( ,; ,): After the first cup, one blesses "on washing hands" and then ritually washes hands just as before a meal:
, , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us on washing hands.
, . ( ,-): A set table is brought, and on it are maror (bitter herb leaves and stems, most typically romaine lettuce) and a different vegetable and matzah and charoset and two types of meat, one to commemorate the Pesach sacrifice and the other to commemorate the pilgrimage festival sacrifice. One starts and blesses over the other vegetable:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the earth.
. , ( ,); , , . , . One then dips the vegetable in the charoset and eats the volume of an average olive. After the feast, after eating a final volume of an average olive of matzah, one may not taste anything at all. However, at this point, it is not prohibited to eat all sorts of delicacies and toasted nuts and drinks, as one does on the Sabbath, in order to increase the number of blessings said, and to fortify oneself for the telling of the story of the Exodus. After eating the dipped vegetable and the appetizers, one must bless final blessings as appropriate to the type of food one was eating, if one does not intend to eat during the telling of the story.
, . Afterwords, the table is removed from in front of the reader of the story of the Exodus only, and a second cup is poured:
* * *
, ( ), ; : The version of the haggadah that Israel has used during the time of the Diaspora follows, but it is doubtful whether it is appropriate to say the following paragraph in our land and time. One begins with the second cup and says:
. , . , ; , . , ; , . In haste we left Egypt. This is the bread of affliction, which our ancestors ate in the land of Egypt. Whoever is hungry, let him come and eat; whoever is in need of a Passover Seder, let him come and celebrate with us. This year we are here; next year, may we be in the Land of Israel. This year we are slaves; next year, may we be free men.
* * *
" "-- , ; , , ; , ( , []; ,-): Here the child asks "what distinguishes this night?" If one has no child, his wife asks him; if one has no wife, the participants ask each other, even if they are all learned; if one is alone, he asks himself:
, ? , ; , . , ; , . , ; , . , ; , . What distinguishes this night from all other nights? On all other nights, we do not dip even once; but tonight, we dip twice. On all other nights, we eat leavened bread and matzah; but tonight, all is matzah. On all other nights, we eat any vegetable; but tonight, we eat maror. On all other nights, we eat sitting or reclining; but tonight, we all recline.
. ? ; , , . , ( , []): One must begin with degradation and end with praise. How? One begins and tells that at first our ancestors in the days of Terach and before him were deniers and mistakenly followed nothingness and idol worship; and one finishes with the true faith that The Holy One, blessed be He, brought us close to, and separated us from those in error, and drew us close to His Oneness. And likewise, one begins and tells that we were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and about all the evil they did to us.
* * *
, ; , . , . , , -- ; , . We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt; but God took us out from there, with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. And had the Holy One, blessed be He, not taken our ancestors out of Egypt--we, our children, and our children's children would still be enslaved to Pharaoh in Egypt. Therefore, even if we are all wise, all men of understanding, all well versed in the Torah--we would still be commanded to tell about the Exodus from Egypt; and whoever tells about it at length is worthy of praise.
, ; , , , . Once Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were all celebrating the Seder in B'nai B'rak. And they told the story of the Exodus from Egypt the entire night, until their students came and told them, "our masters, the time has come for the morning recital of Shema`!"
, , , : " - , " ( ,)--" ", ; " ", . " ", ; " ", . Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah said to them, "Behold, I am like a man of seventy years of age, but I never merited having the story of the Exodus told at night until ben Zoma expounded what is written in "that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life" (Deuteronomy 16,3)--"the days of thy life", that is the days; "all the days of thy life", the nights as well. And the Sages say "the days of thy life", this world; "all the days of thy life", the world to come in the days of the Messiah.
* * *
, . -- , , , . Blessed be the Omnipresent Who gave Torah to his people Israel, blessed be He. The Torah speaks of four sons--one wise, one wicked, one simple, and one who does not know how to ask.
, --" , , , ?" ( ,). , . The wise one--what does he say? "What are the testimonies, and the statutes and the laws that the LORD our God commanded you?" (Deuteronomy 6,20). So you tell him about the laws of Pesach, that one may not eat anything whatsoever after the Pesach sacrifice.
, --" , ?" ( ,). "", . , : " , , , " ( ,)--"", ; , . The wicked one--what does he say? "What is this service to you?" (Exodus 12,26). "To you", and not to him. And since he excluded himself from the people at large, he denies the foundation of our faith. So you blunt his teeth and tell him, "It is because of this that the LORD acted for me when I came forth out of Egypt" (Exodus 13,8). "For me", and not for him; had he been there, he would not have been redeemed.
, --"-?" ( ,). " -- , " (). The simple son--what does he say? "What is this?" (Exodus 13,14). "Tell him, 'with a strong hand God took us out from Egypt, from the house of slavery'" (ibid.).
, -- " , : , , , " ( ,). " ", -- " ". " ", -- " ", . As for the one who does not know how to ask, you must begin for him, as it is written "and thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying: It is because of this that the LORD acted for me when I came forth out of Egypt" (Exodus 13,8). "And thou shalt tell your son", perhaps we can begin from the beginning of the month [of Nisan]? The Torah teaches "on that day" [on the day of the Exodus]. If "on that day", perhaps we can begin while it is still day? The Torah teaches "because of this", to teach only when the matzah and maror are placed before you.
* * *
, ; , , " --, - , , ; , . - -, , , - ; , -, -, -. , - -; - , , , " ( ,-). At first, our ancestors were idol worshippers; but now, the Omnipresent blessed be He has drawn us close to His service, as it is written "And Joshua said unto all the people: 'Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Your fathers dwelt of old time beyond the River, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nahor; and they served other gods. And I took your father Abraham from beyond the River, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau; and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; and Jacob and his children went down into Egypt'" (Joshua 24,2-4).
, : , , " , - , , -- , . - , ; - , " ( ,-). Blessed is He who keeps his promise to Israel his people, may He be blessed! For the Holy One blessed be He calculated the end [of our bondage] in order to fulfill His pledge to Abraham in the covenant 'between the parts', as it is written "And He said unto Abram: 'Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; and also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge; and afterward shall they come out with great substance'" (Genesis 15,13-14).
, -- , ; , . It is this that has stood by our ancestors and us: It is not only one that has risen up against us to destroy us; rather, in every generation, they rise against us to annihilate us. But the Holy One blessed be He saves us from their hand.
* * *
, " " ; , ( , []; ,; ,-- " " " " , ): And one finishes with the miracles and wonders done for us, and our freedom. One should expound upon 'A wandering Aramean' until he finishes the entire portion. All who add and lengthen in expounding on this portion are praiseworthy. A careful examination of Mishneh Torah shows that "the entire portion" is from Deuteronomy 26,5 till the middle of verse 10, not just till verse 8 as many are accustomed:
, , ; -, . 5 'A wandering Aramean was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, few in number; and he became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous.
, ; , . 6 And the Egyptians dealt ill with us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage.
, - ; -, - - -. 7 And we cried unto the LORD, the God of our fathers, and the LORD heard our voice, and saw our affliction, and our toil, and our oppression.
, , , --, . 8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders.
, - ; - - , . 9 And He hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey.
, - , - , . 10 And now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the land, which Thou, O LORD, hast given me.'
, -- , ; , " , , " ( ,). , " -, , - , - ; - , " ( ,). Go out and learn what Lavan the Aramean sought to do to Jacob our father! Pharaoh the evil only decreed against the males, but Lavan sought to uproot everything, as it is written "A wandering Aramean was my father" [while this makes little sense in English, the free word order of Hebrew and ambiguity of the verb "'oved" can be stretched somewhat to mean that an Aramean Lavan tried to cause the loss of Jacob] "and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there" (Deuteronomy 26,5). This teaches that he did not descend to live there permanently, but rather temporarily, "And they said unto Pharaoh: 'To sojourn in the land are we come; for there is no pasture for thy servants' flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen'" (Genesis 47,4).
-- " , ; , , , " ( ,). Few in number--as it is written "Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude" (Deuteronomy 10,22).
-, -- . -- " , -- ; , " ( ,). And he became there a nation--this teaches that Israel were distinguishable from others there. Great, powerful--"And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them" (Exodus 1,7).
-- ", , , : , " ( ,). And populous--as it is written "I cause thee to increase, even as the growth of the field. And thou didst increase and grow up, and thou camest to excellent beauty: thy breasts were fashioned, and thy hair was grown; yet thou wast naked and bare" (Ezekiel 16,7).
-- " , : -, - - -, -, -" ( ,). And the Egyptians dealt ill with us--as it is written "come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there befalleth us any war, they also join themselves unto our enemies, and fight against us, and get them up out of the land" (Exodus 1,10).
-- " , ; , ---, -" ( ,). And afflicted us--as it is written "Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh store-cities, Pithom and Raamses" (Exodus 1,11)
, -- " - , " ( ,). And laid upon us hard bondage--as it is written "And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour" (Exodus 1,13).
, - -- " , , - -, ; -, -" ( ,). And we cried unto the LORD, the God of our fathers--as it is written "And it came to pass in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died; and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage" (Exodus 2,23).
--- " , -; -, - - -" ( ,). And the LORD heard our voice--as it is written "And God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob" (Exodus 2,24).
--- , " , - ; , " ( ,). And saw our affliction--the disruption of marital life, as it is written "And God saw the children of Israel, and God took cognizance of them" (Exodus 2,25).
--- , "- , , -, " ( ,). And our toil--these are the sons, as it is written "Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive" (Exodus 1,22).
--- , "-, -, , " ( ,). And our oppression--this is the duress, as it is written "moreover I have seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them" (Exodus 3,9).
, -- , , , : " -, , - , -; - , " ( ,). And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt--not by means of an angel, not by means of a seraph, not by means of an intermediary--rather the Holy One blessed be He, Himself, in His glory, as it is written "For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD" (Exodus 12,12).
-- , " - , , , --, " ( ,). With a mighty hand--this is the plague, as it is written "behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which are in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the herds, and upon the flocks; there shall be a very grievous murrain" (Exodus 9,3).
-- , " , -" ( ,). And with an outstretched arm--this is the sword, as it is written "having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem" (1 Chronicles 21,16).
-- , " , , , : - , --" ( ,). And with great terribleness--this is the revelation of the Divine presence, as it is written "Or hath God assayed to go and take Him a nation from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the LORD your God did for you in Egypt before thine eyes?" (Deuteronomy 4,34).
-- , "- , , -, -" ( ,). And with signs--this is the rod, as it is written "And thou shalt take in thy hand this rod, wherewith thou shalt do the signs" (Exodus 4,17).
-- , ", , , : , " ( ,). And with wonders--this is the blood, as it is written "And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke" (Joel 3,3).
: , ; , ; , ; , ; , . , ; : , , , , , , , , , . , " " ". Another interpretation [of the above verse]: "with a mighty hand"--two; "and with an outstretched arm"--two; "and with great visions"--two; "and with signs"--two; "and with wonders"--two. These are the ten plagues that the Holy One blessed be He brought on Egypt: Blood, frogs, lice, wild beasts, plague, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and slaying of the firstborn. Rabbi Yehuda coined an abbreviation for them using their Hebrew initials: "detzakh `adash be'achav".
* * *
( ,- [-]; ,-): The table is returned in front of the reader, and he says:
, , --, , . Rabban Gamliel would say: Whoever does not say the following three things on Pesach has not fulfilled his obligation: the Pesach sacrifice, matzah, and maror.
, -- , " - , - - , -, - ; , " ( ,). The Pesach sacrifice that our ancestors would eat during the time the Temple stood--what is its reason? Because the Omnipresent passed over our ancestors' houses in Egypt, as it is written "that ye shall say: It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, for that He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.' And the people bowed the head and worshipped" (Exodus 12,27).
: He raises the matzah in his hand and says:
, -- , , : " - , -- : - , , -, - " ( ,). This matzah that we eat--what is its reason? Because our ancestors' dough did not have time to leaven before the King of Kings blessed be He revealed Himself to them and redeemed them, as it is written "And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual" (Exodus 12,39).
: He raises the maror in his hand and says:
, -- , " - , , -, --, -, - , " ( ,). This maror we eat--what is its reason? Because the Egyptians embittered the lives of our ancestors in Egypt, as it is written "And they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field; in all their service, wherein they made them serve with rigour" (Exodus 1,14).
* * *
, , , -- ", --, , -, " ( ,). In every generation, a person is obligated to show himself as if he had left Egypt: for He did not redeem only our ancestors, but even us as well, as it is written "And He brought us out from thence, that He might bring us in, to give us the land which He swore unto our fathers" (Deuteronomy 6,23).
, , , , , , ; , ! Therefore we are obligated to thank, praise, laud, glorify, exalt, magnify, adore, and give eternal honor to the One who did all these miracles for us and for our ancestors, and took us out from slavery to freedom, from servitude to redemption, from sorrow to happiness, from mourning to festivity, and from deep darkness to great light; let us say before Him, Hallelujah!
: Psalms 113:
-:
, ; , - .
1 Hallelujah. {N}
Praise, O ye servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD.
-- , -. 2 Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time forth and for ever.
- --- , . 3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof the LORD'S name is to be praised.
-- ; . 4 The LORD is high above all nations, His glory is above the heavens.
, -- . 5 Who is like unto the LORD our God, that is enthroned on high,
-- . 6 That looketh down low upon heaven and upon the earth?
; , . 7 Who raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the needy out of the dunghill;
-; , . 8 That He may set him with princes, even with the princes of His people.
, -- - :
-.
9 Who maketh the barren woman to dwell in her house as a joyful mother of children. {N}
Hallelujah.
: Psalms 114:
, ; , . 1 When Israel came forth out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;
; , . 2 Judah became His sanctuary, Israel His dominion.
, ; , . 3 The sea saw it, and fled; the Jordan turned backward.
, ; , -. 4 The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like young sheep.
- , ; , . 5 What aileth thee, O thou sea, that thou fleest? thou Jordan, that thou turnest backward?
, ; , -. 6 Ye mountains, that ye skip like rams; ye hills, like young sheep?
, ; , . 7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;
-; , -. 8 Who turned the rock into a pool of water, the flint into a fountain of waters.
* * *
, , . , , , , . , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, who redeemed us and redeemed our ancestors from Egypt, and enabled us to reach this night so that we may eat matzah and maror upon it. So too, may the LORD our God and the God of our ancestors enable us to reach other festivals and holidays coming to us in peace, celebrating in the rebuilding of Your city and rejoicing in Your service. Then shall we eat of the sacrifices and of the Pesach offerings whose blood shall reach the wall of Your altar to be graciously accepted. Then shall we offer thanks to You with a new song for our redemption and for the deliverance of our souls. Blessed are You LORD, who redeems Israel.
( ,): One says the blessing:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
( ,- [-]); , ( , []). , : Reclining on the left side, one drinks the entire cup; if one drank most of a cup holding at least a revi`it (5 oz.), one fulfilled the obligation. One who drank a revi`it and does not intend to drink wine during the meal says the following blessing:
, . , ; Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field, and for a delightful, good, and spacious land that You desired and bequeathed our ancestors. Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the abode of Your glory, and bring us up to it, and make us happy in its rebuilding; and make us happy LORD our God,
: On the Sabbath:
, on this seventh day of rest,
: Continued:
, , . , . on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, and we will bless You for it in holiness and purity. Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for its fruits.
* * *
" " , ( , []; ,): Afterwards, one blesses "on washing hands" again, because his mind has been distracted from paying attention to his hands during the reading of the story of the Exodus:
, , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us on washing hands.
, -- -- ( ,): One takes two matzot, breaks one of them in half, and places one half on the whole matzah. Thus one blesses on a loaf-and-a-half, unlike on the Sabbath and other holidays--because it is written 'poor bread', and the manner of the poor is to bless on a slice:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who brings forth bread from the Earth.
( ,): And continues, and blesses:
, , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us on eating matzah.
, ( , []). ( ,): One dips the matzah in charoset and eats, and must eat at least the volume of an average olive of matzah while reclining on the left side. One continues and blesses:
, , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us on eating maror.
, ; ( , []; , []; ,). , (). , ; , ( ,). One dips the maror in charoset and eats the volume of an average olive, and there is no need to recline. One must not leave it long in the charoset, lest the flavor of the maror be lost. One continues and makes a sandwich of matzah and maror dipped in charoset, and eats it without any blessing, as a remembrance of the Temple. Afterwards, one continues with the feast, and eats whatever one wishes and drinks whatever one wishes. Finally, one eats the volume of an average olive of matzah and eats nothing at all thereafter.
( ), ( ,). Afterwards, one washes one's hands without blessing, and pours a third cup and says the Grace after Meals.
* * *
( ,- [-]). , : Three or more who ate together must say the "invitation" blessing before the Grace after Meals. If they are fewer than ten men, one of them opens:
! Let us bless Him Whose food we have eaten!
: The others answer:
, ! Blessed is He Whose food we have eaten, and through Whose goodness we live!
: The first person repeats, saying:
, ! Blessed is He Whose food we have eaten, and through Whose goodness we live!
* * *
, : If there were ten men or more, one opens:
! Let us bless our God Whose food we have eaten!
: The others answer:
, ! Blessed is our God, Whose food we have eaten, and through Whose goodness we live!
: The first person repeats, saying:
, ! Blessed is our God, Whose food we have eaten, and through Whose goodness we live!
* * *
, . , -- -; - --, . , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who nourishes the entire world with goodness, with kindness, and with mercy. And Whose great goodness we have never lacked and will never lack forever and ever, because He nourishes and provides a livelihood for all--as it is written "Thou openest Thy hand, and satisfiest every living thing with favour"--and prepares nourishment for all His creatures that He created. Blessed are You LORD, Who nourishes all.
* * *
, , , ; , . , -- , -- - , - -. , . We thank You LORD our God, and bless you our King, for having bequeathed our ancestors a delightful, good, and spacious Land, a Covenant and Torah; for taking us out of the land of Egypt, and redeeming us from the house of slavery, for Your Torah which You taught us, for the laws of Your will which You made known to us. And for all of them, LORD our God, we thank You and bless Your name--as it is written "And thou shalt eat and be satisfied, and bless the LORD thy God for the good land which He hath given thee". Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for the nourishment.
* * *
, , , . Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the dwelling place of Your glory, and on the great and holy House that is called by Your name, and return the kingship of the House of David to its place in our days!
( ,; , ,): On the Sabbath:
, , . Our God and God of our ancestors, may it please You to strengthen us through Your commandments and through the commandment of this seventh day of rest, that we may cease work on it and rest on it as ordained by Your will, and may there not be any distress or grief on our day of rest,
: Continued:
, , , , , , -- , , . , , , ; , , , . , . , . ! Our God and God of our ancestors, may there rise up and come, arrive, be seen, be desired, be heard, be recalled, and be remembered before You our remembrance, the remembrance of our ancestors, the remembrance of Jerusalem Your city, the remembrance of the Messiah son of David your servant, the remembrance of the entire House of Israel before You, for deliverance, for goodness, for grace, for kindness, and for mercy--on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, to be merciful and to save us on it. Remember us, LORD our God, on it for good, and recall us on it for a blessing, and save us on it for life, in the matter of salvation and mercy; pity us and be gracious to us, and have mercy on us, and deliver us on it from all distress and grief, and gladden us on it with complete happiness. And rebuild Jerusalem soon, as You have said. Blessed are You LORD, Who rebuilds Jerusalem in His mercy. Amen!
* * *
, , , ( ,): On the sabbath, if one forgot to mention the holiness of the day--if he remembered before the fourth blessing, he says:
, . , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who gave the Sabbath of rest to His people Israel as a sign and as a holy covenant. Blessed are You LORD, Who sanctifies the Sabbath.
, , , ( ,): On a holiday, if one forgot to mention the holiness of the day--if he remembered before the fourth blessing, he says:
, . , . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who gave holidays to His people Israel for rejoicing and happiness. Blessed are You LORD, Who sanctifies Israel and the seasons.
* * *
, , , , , , , , , , . ! ! ! , , ! Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, the only God, our Father, our King, our Strength, our Creator, our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob, the King Who is good and does good, Who on every day grants us grace and kindness and mercy and every manner of good. The Merciful One will be blessed forever and ever! The Merciful One will be glorified for all eternity! The Merciful One will provide for our livelihood in honor! The Merciful One will grant us the privilege to reach the Messianic age, and the rebuilding of the Temple, and the life of the World to Come!
( ; ,): A guest adds the following blessing for the host (and may add to it if he wishes):
, . May it be His will that you, the host, not be shamed in this world, and that you not be humiliated in the World to Come.
: Continued:
, ; - , -. , ; , - -. -: . A tower of salvation is He to His king; and showeth mercy to His anointed, to David and to his seed, for evermore. The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger; but they that seek the LORD want not any good thing. O give thanks unto the LORD, for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever.
* * *
, , , , ( ,). On the Sabbath and a holiday, if one forgot to mention the holiness of the day--if he remembered after beginning the fourth blessing, he stops and returns to the beginning, that is, the first blessing of "Who nourishes".
* * *
( , []): And one blesses:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
( ,- [-]); , ( , []). , ( , []). , : And reclining on the left side, one drinks the entire cup; if one drank most of a cup holding at least a revi`it (5 oz.), one fulfilled the obligation. Between this third cup and the fourth cup, it is forbidden to drink wine; one who did drink the revi`it says the following blessing:
, . , ; Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field, and for a delightful, good, and spacious land that You desired and bequeathed our ancestors. Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the abode of Your glory, and bring us up to it, and make us happy in its rebuilding; and make us happy LORD our God,
: On the Sabbath:
, on this seventh day of rest,
: Continued:
, , . , . on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, and we will bless You for it in holiness and purity. Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for its fruits.
* * *
, ( ,); , ( ,): Afterwards, one pours the fourth cup and finishes the Hallel over it, and says over it the Blessing of Song. One is permitted to finish the Hallel anywhere one desires, even if it is not the place where he ate.
: Psalms 115:
, -: -, ---, -. 1 Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, for Thy mercy, and for Thy truth's sake.
, : -, . 2 Wherefore should the nations say: 'Where is now their God?'
-- - . 3 But our God is in the heavens; whatsoever pleased Him He hath done.
, ; , . 4 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.
-, ; , . 5 They have mouths, but they speak not; eyes have they, but they see not;
, ; , . 6 They have ears, but they hear not; noses have they, but they smell not;
, --, ; -, . 7 They have hands, but they handle not; feet have they, but they walk not; neither speak they with their throat.
, -- - . 8 They that make them shall be like unto them; yea, every one that trusteth in them.
, ; . 9 O Israel, trust thou in the LORD! He is their help and their shield!
, ; . 10 O house of Aaron, trust ye in the LORD! He is their help and their shield!
, ; . 11 Ye that fear the LORD, trust in the LORD! He is their help and their shield.
, :
, - ; , - .
12 The LORD hath been mindful of us, He will bless-- {N}
He will bless the house of Israel; He will bless the house of Aaron.
, -- , -. 13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great.
; , . 14 The LORD increase you more and more, you and your children.
, -- , . 15 Blessed be ye of the LORD who made heaven and earth.
, ; , -. 16 The heavens are the heavens of the LORD; but the earth hath He given to the children of men.
, -; , - . 17 The dead praise not the LORD, neither any that go down into silence;
, -- -:
-.
18 But we will bless the LORD from this time forth and for ever. {N}
Hallelujah.
: Psalms 116:
, - -- -, . 1 I love that the LORD should hear my voice and my supplications.
- ; . 2 Because He hath inclined His ear unto me, therefore will I call upon Him all my days.
, --- ; . 3 The cords of death compassed me, and the straits of the nether-world got hold upon me; I found trouble and sorrow.
- : , . 4 But I called upon the name of the LORD: 'I beseech thee, O LORD, deliver my soul.'
; . 5 Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; yea, our God is compassionate.
; , . 6 The LORD preserveth the simple; I was brought low, and He saved me.
, : -, . 7 Return, O my soul, unto Thy rest; for the LORD hath dealt bountifully with thee.
, : - -; - . 8 For thou hast delivered my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my feet from stumbling.
, -- , . 9 I shall walk before the LORD in the lands of the living.
, ; , . 10 I trusted even when I spoke: 'I am greatly afflicted.'
, : - . 11 I said in my haste: 'All men are liars.'
- -- - . 12 How can I repay unto the LORD all His bountiful dealings toward me?
- ; . 13 I will lift up the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD.
, ; -, -. 14 My vows will I pay unto the LORD, yea, in the presence of all His people.
, -- , . 15 Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of His saints.
, - :
-, -; , .
16 I beseech Thee, O LORD, for I am Thy servant; {N}
I am Thy servant, the son of Thy handmaid; Thou hast loosed my bands.
-, ; . 17 I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of the LORD.
, ; -, -. 18 I will pay my vows unto the LORD, yea, in the presence of all His people;
, -- :
-.
19 In the courts of the LORD'S house, in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem. {N}
Hallelujah.
: Psalms 117:
-, -; , -. 1 O praise the LORD, all ye nations; laud Him, all ye peoples.
, -- - :
-.
2 For His mercy is great toward us; and the truth of the LORD endureth for ever. {N}
Hallelujah.
: Psalms 118:
-: . 1 'O give thanks unto the LORD, for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever.'
- : . 2 So let Israel now say, for His mercy endureth for ever,
- -: . 3 So let the house of Aaron now say, for His mercy endureth for ever.
- : . 4 So let them now that fear the LORD say, for His mercy endureth for ever.
-, ; . 5 Out of my straits I called upon the LORD; He answered me with great enlargement.
, ; - . 6 The LORD is for me; I will not fear; what can man do unto me?
, ; , . 7 The LORD is for me as my helper; and I shall gaze upon them that hate me.
, -- , . 8 It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.
, -- , . 9 It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in princes.
- ; , . 10 All nations compass me about; verily, in the name of the LORD I will cut them off.
-; , . 11 They compass me about, yea, they compass me about; verily, in the name of the LORD I will cut them off.
-- , ;
, .
12 They compass me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns; {N}
verily, in the name of the LORD I will cut them off.
; . 13 Thou didst thrust sore at me that I might fall; but the LORD helped me.
; -, . 14 The LORD is my strength and song; and He is become my salvation.
, -- ; , . 15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tents of the righteous; the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
, ; , . 16 The right hand of the LORD is exalted; the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
- -; , . 17 I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the LORD.
; , . 18 The LORD hath chastened me sore; but He hath not given me over unto death.
- -; -, . 19 Open to me the gates of righteousness; I will enter into them, I will give thanks unto the LORD.
- ; , . 20 This is the gate of the LORD; the righteous shall enter into it.
, ; -, . 21 I will give thanks unto Thee, for Thou hast answered me, and art become my salvation.
, -- , . 22 The stone which the builders rejected is become the chief corner-stone.
, ; . 23 This is the LORD'S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.
-, ; . 24 This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.
, ; , . 25 We beseech Thee, O LORD, save now! We beseech Thee, O LORD, make us now to prosper!
, ; , . 26 Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD; we bless you out of the house of the LORD.
, ---: - -- , . 27 The LORD is God, and hath given us light; order the festival procession with boughs, even unto the horns of the altar.
; , . 28 Thou art my God, and I will give thanks unto Thee; Thou art my God, I will exalt Thee.
-: . 29 O give thanks unto the LORD, for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever. {P}
, , , -- , , , . , , , . LORD our God, all Your works will praise You, and all Your pious ones, the righteous who do Your will, and Your entire people the House of Israel will thank Your name with glad song--for you are the LORD, and to You it is good to give thanks, and to Your name it is pleasant to sing, and from the beginning and forever, You are the only God. Blessed are You LORD, the King Who is praised and glorified, living and present, Who will reign for all eternity.
* * *
( , []): And one blesses:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
( ,- [-]); , ( , []). , : Reclining on the left side, one drinks the entire cup; if one drank most of a cup holding at least a revi`it (5 oz.), one fulfilled the obligation. One who drank a revi`it says the following blessing:
, . , ; Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field, and for a delightful, good, and spacious land that You desired and bequeathed our ancestors. Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the abode of Your glory, and bring us up to it, and make us happy in its rebuilding; and make us happy LORD our God,
: On the Sabbath:
, on this seventh day of rest,
: Continued:
, , . , . on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, and we will bless You for it in holiness and purity. Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for its fruits.
* * *
, . " " ( ,), : One does not taste anything after this, the entire night, except for water. One does have, however, permission to pour a fifth cup and say over it the "Great Hallel", which is Psalms 136:
-: . 1 O give thanks unto the LORD, for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 2 O give thanks unto the God of gods, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 3 O give thanks unto the Lord of lords, for His mercy endureth for ever.
: . 4 To Him who alone doeth great wonders, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 5 To Him that by understanding made the heavens, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, -: . 6 To Him that spread forth the earth above the waters, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 7 To Him that made great lights, for His mercy endureth for ever;
-, : . 8 The sun to rule by day, for His mercy endureth for ever;
- , : . 9 The moon and stars to rule by night, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 10 To Him that smote Egypt in their first-born, for His mercy endureth for ever;
, : . 11 And brought out Israel from among them, for His mercy endureth for ever;
, : . 12 With a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, for His mercy endureth for ever.
-, : . 13 To Him who divided the Red Sea in sunder, for His mercy endureth for ever;
: . 14 And made Israel to pass through the midst of it, for His mercy endureth for ever;
-: . 15 But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 16 To Him that led His people through the wilderness, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 17 To Him that smote great kings; for His mercy endureth for ever;
, : . 18 And slew mighty kings, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 19 Sihon king of the Amorites, for His mercy endureth for ever;
, : . 20 And Og king of Bashan, for His mercy endureth for ever;
: . 21 And gave their land for a heritage, for His mercy endureth for ever;
, : . 22 Even a heritage unto Israel His servant, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 23 Who remembered us in our low estate, for His mercy endureth for ever;
: . 24 And hath delivered us from our adversaries, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, -: . 25 Who giveth food to all flesh, for His mercy endureth for ever.
, : . 26 O give thanks unto the God of heaven, for His mercy endureth for ever. {P}
( , []): And one blesses:
, . Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
. , : It appears that since this cup is not required, it may be drunken without reclining and without even drinking most of it. If one drank a revi`it, one says the following blessing:
, . , ; Blessed are You LORD our God King of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field, and for a delightful, good, and spacious land that You desired and bequeathed our ancestors. Have mercy, LORD our God, on Israel Your people, and on Jerusalem Your city, and on Zion the abode of Your glory, and bring us up to it, and make us happy in its rebuilding; and make us happy LORD our God,
: On the Sabbath:
, on this seventh day of rest,
: Continued:
, , . , . on this day of holy convocation, on this day of the Feast of Matzot, and we will bless You for it in holiness and purity. Blessed are You LORD, for the Land and for its fruits.